Welcome to Cusco!
Cusco means “the navel of the world” in our ancestral language Quechua, or Runasimi. It was the cultural and religious capital of the Inca Universe. Today it is known as the ‘Historic Capital of Peru’ and is the oldest continuously inhabited city in South America. It lies in a dry lakebed at 3, 400 m (11, 200 ft.) above sea level and is located in the southeast highlands, 1100 km from Lima. It has an average temperature of 14°c, is the most popular tourist destination in Peru and is one of the 10 top world destinations. The population is around 350 thousand, a number that has tripled in the past 20 years.
History and Politics – There were several prominent Andean cultures in Ancient Peru; Mochica, and Chimu in the north, Tiahuanaco, Wari and Paracas in the south and the most recent Inca (‘Tawantinsuyo’ – ‘Four Regions Sun Federation’). In 1532 the barbarian Spanish invasion began and established a colonial form of governing and practiced systematic genocide of the aboriginals.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas is a stunning and historic valley that was inhabited by the Runas, human beings in Quechua, of the *Tahuantinsuyo (Incan nation) who built impressive works of agricultural engineering admired by all of humanity. Situated within easy reach of Cusco, the Sacred Valley of the Incas is a spectacular valley, located within the South American Andes mountain range. Running parallel to the winding Urubamba River, which also goes by the name of the Vilcanota River or the Wilcamayu River, the Sacred Valley of the Incas is just 15 km / 9 miles to the north of Cusco.