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From before the Inca’s time the famous wind instruments (aerophones) are known for their important role in the events that marked a culture deeply rooted in their customs, from the ancient civilizations to the current era, this being a relevant milestone when dealing with of how Peruvian society is shaped.
Peru is an Andean country that has been characterized for having very solid customs that, despite having gone through many years in which there have been a number of advances, there is something that always stands out and identifies this country: its culture
Going back to pre-Columbian times, traditional Andean music carries Inca and pre-Incan offspring, although the instruments used for this medium have been known for a long time, however, it is at this time that a cultural model of the existing civilizations is adopted, where they reign the varieties of sounds and intonations that generate a common sense to each situation.
For example, we can mention that certain instruments were used for some requests, in particular to nature, as is the case of the pinkillu flute which attracted rain, or panpipes to prevent wind and frost; nowadays its use is more a habit to remember the millenary times, although some are also used for petitions to mother nature.
It is understood that the zampoñas also played a role of resistance in artists; these people played in pairs, so that an echo was produced avoiding the dizziness caused by the lack of oxygen in long-term performances.
Another of the widely used and well-known music tools is the quena, a flute that also comes from the ancient Inca civilizations; In the sacred city of Caral (considered the oldest town in America), these instruments made with pelican bones have been found.
From all this variety of musical objects, many more have been derived, such as the drums and maracas, in addition to the arrival of string instruments such as guitar, harp and violin, being an important advance for the development of the rich Peruvian culture.
Following the music, many dances were generated that are used for the celebrations of the festivities, among them we can mention: the Diablada Puneña, the Llamerada, the Negritos, the Huaylarsh, the Huaconada, the Majtada, which have their characteristic melody, making these a perfect symphony of movement and sound.
As an additional fact, the Incas had a common denomination for these musical genres: “taki”, that was a word they used to refer to singing, music and dance, where the notes used only corresponded to “re” – “fa” – «Sol» – «la» – «do» standing out the warrior, profane and religious compositions.
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This article that an official source for Kawsaypaq